Since the Coronavirus: A Pandemic surfaced in December 2019, more than 130,000 people have been infected and over 6,000 have died around the world. As the virus continues to rise, the U.S. government has established travel advisories, leading airlines and cruises to cancel their routes.

Places like cities in China — specifically Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei province, from where the virus has originated — have been under strict quarantine while Italy is now also on a nationwide lockdown.

As the virus made its way to the United States and is responsible for over more than 40 deaths nationwide, the Trump administration declared a national emergency on March 13.

The US State Department has issued worldwide global health advisory to “reconsider travel.”

Here is everything you need to know about traveling right now.

What Do You Mean By Coronavirus?

Coronavirus was first came into picture in December 2019 in Wuhan, within the Hubei province of China on Feb. 12. WHO has told that the original name for the coronavirus is Covid-19.

On March 11,WHO tweeted that coronavirus has officially characterised  as

“a pandemic.” ie: Coronavirus: A Pandemic

“Coronaviruses are the large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that are circulated among animals, which include camels, cats, and bats,” according to center for disease control.

You should know that both Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are caused by coronavirus, but not the strain that is currently circulating.

The name of the doctor who first discovered this strain of coronavirus and alerted authorities was Li Wenliang, died at age 34 due to coronavirus on  Feb-7. China quickly started investigation into his death.

The Symptoms Of Coronavirus: A Pandemic

The primary symptom of coronavirus feel a lot like the flu. You will get a fever, cough — it’s primarily a lower respiratory virus  there can be some gastrointestinal distress in your body. When complications of the virus begin, patients develop pneumonia or kidney-related issues  which can lead to death.

How Can we Prevent Coronavirus?

Practice general flu hygiene which includes washing your hands regularly and covering your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing. These are simple ways to keep yourself healthy. Extra measures includes sanitizing commonly touched surfaces with antibacterial wipes ,sprays or which alcoholic based sanitizers. You should avoid touching your face and stop making close contact with people you may see coughing or sneezing.

When eating, be sure to thoroughly cook all the meat and eggs properly.

 The Countries Which Are Affected By Coronavirus

 The number of confirmed cases and deaths due to coronavirus are increasing day by day. The virus has now been reported in more than 2100 people in 49 states.The following countries with more cases of  Coronavirus: A Pandemic  :

 China: 

The majority of coronavirus cases are within mainland China, with over 80,824 confirmed cases and over 3,189 deaths.

The city of Wuhan has been completely quarantined with transportation links cut. Streets and shelves of wuhan are empty as residents are urged to go outside only for essential supplies only. There have also been makeshift hospitals to accommodate all patients.

Three months into the outbreak, Chinese news agency Xinhua reported the first cured case of coronavirus. Still the museums are closed until further notice.

The beginning of February, Macau completely shut down his casinos for approx two weeks. After a temporary reopen, the city which is famous for gambling is seeing a slump in its economy.

There are 131 confirmed cases of coronavirus in Hong Kong and four deaths.

Other parts in Asia:

The South Korea has the biggest outbreak outside of China, with approx 8,000 cases. 72 people have died as the first case was confirmed on Jan. 20.2020 However, Johns Hopkins reported that 510 people have recovered from the virus.

In Japan, there are 639 confirmed cases and almost 16 deaths. The majority of the confirmed cases were on the diamond princess cruise ship that was recently quarantined in the Yokohama port. Four passengers, who were taken off the ship and were hospitalized passed away. They were all above 80 years of age. Japan officials also decided to close schools amid the outbreak of Coronavirus: A Pandemic

South Korea is encouraging people to avoid all nonessential travels. Meanwhile, japan has a level 2 advisory, meaning travelers should practice enhanced precautions while on the ground.

Taiwan reported its first death on Feb. 16 2020. According to the taiwan health minister, he was a 61-year-old taxi driver who regularly drove clients mainly from Hong Kong, Macau, and mainland China. He also had a relative who was confirmed positive.

The country having the 45 cases of coronavirus — has banned the entry of Chinese visitors and foreigners having a recent history of travel to China, as well as suspended most of the flights. Those having urgent need to travel to Taiwan must appear at a consulate in their city and prove that they have not been to China within the past 14 days. Those who have visited and were already granted with visas are instructed to self-impose a quarantine; failure to do so is punishable by an almost $5,000 fine by Taiwan. Recently Taiwan has also banned all cruise ships from docking at its ports.

Thailand has also reported 75 confirmed cases and Vietnam with 47.

 United States of America:

Till now there are over 2,000 cases of coronavirus in the U.S. and 43 deaths spanning over 40 states of america.

The U.S announced a state of emergency on Friday, mentioned above, $50 billion will now be available to fund state and local responses to the outbreak.

Trump has also restricted travel from Europe form March 13. The restrictions will not be applied to U.K.

Although US-based cases first emerged in state of Washington, New York is hosting the highest number of cases with 400 as of March 13.

Mainly in New York City, there are 154 cases, prompting Mayor Bill de Blasio to declare a state of emergency in New York City. Attractions like Broadway shows and Metropolitan Museum of Art has been closed. Majorly, Broadway will be dark until April 12.

Mainly most New York state-based cases has been emerged in Westchester County, the suburb north of the city, at 158 cases. The executive director of the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey has been tested positive for the coronavirus.

Majority of deaths in the United States of America are confirmed among elderly in Washington state, states including New York, Florida, Hawaii, California and Oregon have declared a state of emergency.

Universal theme park in Florida and California has been temporarily closed, while Disney has also closed all parks around the world.

The New Jersey has also confirmed its first death on March 10.

During a Press Conference in the White House following the United States first death in Washington state on Feb. 29 2020, the Trump administration subsequently asked the State Department to increase their travel advisory for the infected parts of Italy and South Korea to a Level 4 “do not travel” warning.

As the cases circulated around the country, CDC warned that many cases may be instances of “community spread,” which means “spread of an illness for which the source of infection is unknown”.

Amid the outbreak of virus, airports around the country including JFK and LAX, have rerouted passengers coming from China to screening centers. If passengers show no symptoms during their enhanced screening, they are rebooked to their final destination although they are asked to self-quarantine for almost 14 days.

Europe:

Italy has confirmed over 17,000 cases and over 5,000 deaths. Prime Minister of Italy Giuseppe Conte took the extreme measure to place the whole country to lockdown after first quarantining the northern regions of the country. Places of Tourist attractions like Sistine Chapel, Colosseum, museums and nightclubs are closed due to rise of Coronavirus: A Pandemic

Elsewhere in the europe, France has also confirmed over 3,600 cases and approx 79 deaths. President Emmanuel Macron announced the closure of schools, universities, and nurseries starting March 16. It is unclear when schools would open.

The Louvre of France is closed due to initial outbreak.

Other countries that has been affected by the virus include Spain with over 5,000 cases and Germany with over 3,600 cases of Coronavirus: A Pandemic.

United Kingdoms:

The United Kingdom has also confirmed 800 cases and eight confirmed deaths. The first confirmed case was a passenger on the diamond princess cruise ship.

India:

India has also reported 82 cases. Health Minister Harsh Vardhan told reporters that large cluster of people diagnosed are in Agra, home to the Taj Mahal. Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on twitter that he will not be participating in Holi festivities in accordance with advice to “reduce mass gatherings.”

Brazil:

Brazil has also reported 151 confirmed cases. Latin America’s first case of coronavirus is a man who traveled from Italy to Brazil in February 2020, according to Brazil’s health ministery. His age is 61 and returned to Brazil on Feb. 21 from Lombardo region of Italy. Brazil now has 25 reported cases of Coronavirus: A Pandemic.

Australia:

Australia’s Department of Health has an ongoing warning in regards to coronavirus, with strict travel restrictions to China. Australia is also advising residents to “exercise a high degree of caution”. The country has confirmed 6 cases of coronavirus, and 1 death amid coronavirus.

 Airlines responding to coronavirus?

Airlines around the world have halted the services to china amid warnings from the WHO. Airlines has adapted to evolve restrictions and advisories to accommodate customers.

Recently American airline has announced that it will waive fees for passengers changing their flights due to the outbreak. Specifically, the airline will waive change fees for up to 14 days prior to travel for customers who purchase flights between March 1 and March 16.

Meantime, Delta announced on March 4 that it is decreasing services to Japan. They have also reduced the number of flights between the U.S. and South Korea.

JetBlue has also listed extra precautions to their website, which include suspending change or cancellation fees for bookings made between March 6 and March 31 for travel by Sept. 8 2020.

British Airways also announced that they are reducing the flights to Milan following the outbreak of virus. The British airline usually flies to Milan eight times a day. The airline said that they will contact customers to make accommodations for the change.

Air Canada has also temporarily suspended the flights to Beijing and Shanghai.

All airlines will continue to monitor the situation and may alter their schedules  in the situation in China. Many airlines are still operating flights to Hong Kong. Travelers should also contact their airline directly for more information.

Thai Airways is also practicing extreme precautions by spraying down cabins with a disinfectant after each flight.

Cruise Responding To Coronavirus

Cruise Line International Associations, which include many international cruise lines, said that it has suspended crew movements from mainland China and will deny boarding to any individual, whether guest or crew, who has traveled from mainland China within the previous 14 days.

Cruise lines have also released their own safety regulations regarding how they’re handling the outbreak of coronavirus, the CDC and US State Department has also advised travelers to avoid travelling through cruise.

Princess Cruise has announced a pause of 90 days on all operations. The Grand Princess is in the process of disembarking passengers after being in a holding pattern for so many days off the coast of San Francisco following the death of a man who was on the ship. The Diamond Princess cruise was completely evacuated after passengers were quarantined from Feb. 1 to Feb. 15.

Another cruise ship was Holland America’s Westerdam that was under quarantine earlier this month which left Hong Kong on Feb. 1. The cruise ship always said that its 1,455 passengers and 802 crew members on board were healthy. Passengers aboard the cruise ship who have returned to the United States no longer need to isolate themselves and can resume normal activities.

Feb. 10, a Royal Caribbean cruise docked in Bayonne, New Jersey which is 20 miles away from New York City — with passengers that will be assessed for virus as they disembark. On Monday, the cruise left the port after four passengers suspected to have virus tested negative.